Can a man who filed for divorce be forced by Medicare to provide health insurance for his wife on social security disability?
I'm not sure if I understand your question. A person can't be forced to provide Medicare for an ex-spouse, but they also can't prevent an ex-spouse from qualifying for Medicare if the ex-spouse meets the requirements.
For example, if spouse A never paid into Social Security and is divorced after 10 years of marriage to spouse B who is insured for Social Security benefits, and if spouse A is at least age 65 and spouse B is at least age 62, then spouse A could potentially qualify for both divorced spousal benefits and Medicare based on spouse B's record. However, spouse A's benefits would have no adverse effect of spouse B's benefit rates or benefit options, and spouse A would be responsible for paying their own part B and/or Part D Medicare premiums.